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New Delhi : As per the Article 246(3) of the Constitution of India in List II of Seventh Schedule, the preservation, protection, and improvement of stock and prevention of animal diseases; veterinary training and practice is under State list on which the State has exclusive power to make laws for such State or any part thereof with respect to any of the matters enumerated in List II in the Seventh Schedule.

Further, as per the Article 48 of the Constitution of India, State shall endeavour to organise agriculture and animal husbandry on modern and scientific lines and shall, in particular, take steps for preserving and improving the breeds, and prohibiting the slaughter of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle.

As per the Eleventh Schedule of Constitution of India, the state may endow Panchyats to establish and run the Cattle Pounds (Kanji Houses)/ Gaushala Shelters (community assets). Many States are establishing the Gaushalas and Shelter houses for control of Stray Cattle. Therefore, it is also the responsibility of the local bodies to control the stray animals, according to a PIB release.

The Central Government has framed, Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules, 2001, for sterilisation and immunisation of stray dogs. The scheme for Animal Birth Control programme is being implemented by the Local bodies to control the population of stray dogs. The Animal Welfare Board of India is implementing the Scheme of Animal Birth Control and immunisation of stray dogs by providing grants-in-aids to the Animal Welfare Organisations and local bodies which are implementing the ABC programme.

The Animal Welfare Board of India is also providing grant-in-aid under the Scheme for Shelter House for looking after the animals. The objective of this scheme is to establish and maintain shelter houses for distressed animals in the country. Many States are also implementing various programmes for control of stray cattle by incentivising the gaushalas for feed, fodder and veterinary care. The Central Government is also implementing sex sorting semen technology for artificial insemination which will produce only female animals. Once this effort is successful, the number of male animals which are left by the farmers will be reduced.

This Information was given by Minister of State for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying  Dr Sanjeev Kumar Balyan in Rajya Sabha on February 12, 2021.