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New Delhi : In the presence of Union Home Minister Amit Shah, historic Karbi Anglong Agreement to end the decades old crisis and ensuring Assam’s territorial integrity was signed in New Delhi on September 4, 2021.

Himanta Biswa Sarma, Chief Minister of Assam; Sarbananda Sonowal, Union Ports, Shipping & Waterways and Ayush Minister; Nityanad Rai, Union Minister of State for Home Affairs; Tuliram Ronghang, Chief Executive Member of KAAC; representatives of Karbi Longri North Cachar Hills Liberation Front/ KLNL; People’s Democratic Council of Karbi Longri/ PDCK; United People’s Liberation Army/ UPLA; Karbi People’s Liberation Tigers/KPLT factions; along with senior officers from Union Ministry of Home Affairs and Government of Assam were present on the occasion.

With this historic agreement, over 1,000 armed cadres have abjured violence and joined the mainstream of society. A Special Development Package of Rs 1,000 crore over five years will be given by the Union Government and Assam Government to undertake specific projects for the development of Karbi areas, according to a PIB release.

Shah said that the Karbi Agreement is another milestone in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of “Insurgency free prosperous North East”. He said that today’s historic Karbi Anglong agreement will be written in golden letters in the history of Assam. He said that since becoming Prime Minister, northeast has not only been an area of focus for Narendra Modi, but all-round development of northeast, peace and prosperity there, has been the top priority for the Government.


Shah said that it is the policy of Modi Government that those who give up arms are brought into mainstream and we talk to them even more politely and give them more than they ask for. He said that due to this policy only, we are getting rid of old problems one by one that the Modi Government had inherited. The Union Home Minister said that we fulfil all clauses of agreements signed during our Government’s tenure and this has been Modi Government’s track record.

Salient features of the Agreement:

This Memorandum of Settlement will ensure greater devolution of autonomy to the Karbi Anglong Autonomous Council, protection of identity, language, culture, etc. of Karbi people and focussed development of the Council area, without affecting the territorial and administrative integrity of Assam.

​​​​​​​The Karbi armed groups have agreed to abjure violence and join the peaceful democratic process as established by law of the land. The Agreement also provides for rehabilitation of cadres of the armed groups.

The Government of Assam shall set up a Karbi Welfare Council for focussed development of Karbi people living outside KAAC area.

The Consolidated Fund of the State will be augmented to supplement the resources of KAAC.

Overall, the present settlement proposes to give more legislative, executive, administrative and financial powers to KAAC.